Differentiate The Natural Honey From The Fake

For the time being it is certain that the table you have a bowl of natural honey can only be made if the bee product is produced on its own apiary. Otherwise, even those who are busy in beekeeping and selling honey on an industrial scale are not always honest with buyers and often dilute the product with various surrogates, close to the taste for natural honeybees, to increase profits. In addition, beekeepers feed the bees with sugar syrup for the same purpose, adversely affecting the beneficial properties of the product and significantly reducing its value. How can a simple resident distinguish natural honey from artificial honey and avoid buying a bad product? Let’s look at how the natural honey should be in color, taste, and texture to easily distinguish it from a counterfeit.

How do I differentiate the natural honey from the fake?

The first thing you need to keep in mind when buying honey is its density and density. The natural product flows slowly from the spoon, snakes in the glass, forming a film that spreads not immediately, but gradually. If you try to spin a spoon during the flow of honey, the product winds around it rather than continuing to drain. Of course, the taste and smell of the bee product is not of minor importance. The latter should be soft, pleasant, flowery, and not caramel, be sharp, intrusive or not at all.

If you like the taste of natural bee honey then you should feel a slight bitterness, a slight bitterness, and you should definitely feel a slight sore throat.

Be sure to pay attention to the color of natural floral honey. It can range from light brown and yellow to dark brown, but not overly light. If you have a transparent light in front of you, then the bees are beyond all doubt just fed sugar syrup. Such a product will not hurt, but it will not be useful.

If the organoleptic method is to determine the authenticity of natural honey you do not get, or you still doubt the quality of the product you have purchased, then you can resort to more sophisticated tests.

Differentiate-The-Natural-Honey-From-The-Fake

How to determine natural honey at home?

The admixture in the honey of moisture or sugar syrup maybe identifies with a special chemical pencil. In that case, he will change the color. If you do not have one, you can use the usual blotting paper and drop one drop of the product. If honey is natural and quality, it will not get wet.

Another sure way to ensure the authenticity of honey It is necessary to put a little honey on a sheet of plain paper and set it on fire. Natural honey does not burn and does not change color, the only paper will burn in this case, and honey stays. If the adulterer is in front of you, it will darken, it will smoke or you will smell the scorched sugar.

Vitamins, Minerals, and Fibers

Vitamins – Vital Ingredients of The Food

Vitamins are vital ingredients of the food. They do not provide energy but are indispensable for many metabolic processes.

Vitamins: Detailed

Vitamins are organic substances that the organism needs for certain vital functions, but can not, or only in insufficient quantities, produce itself. Vitamins are thus essential, i. they must be ingested regularly with food. The daily requirement for these micronutrients is low compared to the required amounts of energy supplying nutrients.

Provitamins are vitamin precursors, which are only converted into the active vitamin in the body.

Requirements and quantity recommendation:

The need for vitamins depends on the individual, his physical and psychological condition (eg illnesses, stress). The information for adequate vitamin intake should take into account: age, gender, level of performance, health status, dietary composition, etc.

The indicated desirable daily intake levels contain a safety margin that exceeds the requirement. The indicated quantities do not have to be recorded daily. On average, however, the supply should correspond to these quantities.

As critical vitamins, i. Vitamins, which are often below the recommended intake, are the vitamins B1, B2, B6, and folic acid in Germany. To detect possible deficiencies in the supply of vitamins, nutrient recommendations are issued, which apply to about 97% of the population.

As you can see in the sometimes very different intake recommendations for vitamins and minerals, there is still no certainty about what quantities the human body needs exactly. The individual needs may vary. For some vitamins, different values ​​apply for women and men, as well as for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Age also influences the nutritional requirements as well as diseases or special burdens.

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There are two groups of vitamins:

  • Fat-soluble vitamins:

Vitamins A, D, E, and K are included in the group of fat-soluble vitamins. The absorption of fat-soluble vitamins is done together with dietary fats. Excessive vitamins of this group are stored in the body. Man can get by these supplies after a regular and sufficient supply for some time with less intake quantities. The body can only excrete small amounts of these vitamins via the intestine. As a result, overdose is possible. Beware of self-medication!

  • Water-soluble vitamins:

Vitamin C and the Vitamin B Complex (Vitamin B1, B2, B6, B12, Niacin (PP), Pantothenic Acid (Coenzyme A), Folic Acid (M), Biotin (H), Rutin (P), Ortoic Acid (B13), Pangametine (B15)) are water-soluble vitamins. Water-soluble vitamins can only be stored in small quantities. The body’s storage capacity for these vitamins varies greatly: Vitamin B1: 1-2 weeks, B2, B6, C, and niacin: 2-6 weeks, folic acid: 3-4 months, B12: 3-5 years. [Lit-1] Therefore, they must be supplied to the body regularly in sufficient quantity. Surpluses are excreted via the kidneys (urine). Overdoses are still possible.

Minerals / Quantity Elements 

Minerals are components of inorganic food that cannot be produced by the body itself. Minerals are essential (vital) components of all living cells and are involved in the metabolism.

Minerals: Detailed

The proportion of minerals in the human body is about 4% of body weight.

Minerals are differentiated according to the amount in which they occur in the body. Volume elements are minerals that are contained in the human body at more than 50 mg per kg of body weight. Trace elements are minerals that make up less than 50 mg per kg of body weight. The quantity elements are often referred to as minerals (as on this page) also in contrast to the trace elements.

Humans need minerals for many functions, eg. As for the build-up of body substances (bones, muscles) and the maintenance of enzyme activities.

Purpose of minerals in the body:

  • Minerals are part of the skeleton and teeth. They give the bones the strength.
  • Minerals affect in dissolved form, as electrolytes, vital properties of body fluids, eg. B. Maintenance of osmotic pressure.
  • Minerals are essential components of organic compounds in the body. Iodine is part of the thyroid hormone, cobalt of vitamin B12, the iron of hemoglobin, etc.

Minerals in food:

How high the mineral content of various foods depends not least on how many minerals contained the soil on which the plant grew or what the animal got to eat. It should also be noted that some nutrients may have a beneficial or inhibiting effect on mineral intake.

Fiber-How-much-and-for-what

Fiber: How much and for what?

What is dietary fiber?

The term “dietary fiber” comes from a time when these food ingredients have been considered as “superfluous ballast”.

The fiber is mostly carbohydrates. It used to be thought that dietary fiber was not usable by the human body because human digestive juices contain no enzymes that can break down these compounds. It has been overlooked that some of the dietary fiber is fermented by enzymes of the microorganisms of the large intestine. In addition to gases, short-chain fatty acids, which can be utilized by humans, are also produced. The energy gain from dietary fiber (2-3 kcal / g) is negligible due to the low amounts added. The intake recommendation of the DGE of 30 g fiber per day is often not reached.

The fibers include cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, agar-agar, lignin, etc.

One distinguishes between insoluble and soluble fiber.

The insoluble fiber can increase its volume thanks to its high swelling capacity. That is, they bind fluid, thereby increasing the volume of the intestinal contents, which in turn accelerates the natural intestinal movement and reduces the residence time of the chyme in the intestine. Ingested in sufficient quantities, they can prevent widespread constipation.

The soluble fiber binds bile acids (which consist of 80 percent cholesterol) and other metabolic products and ensures their elimination. In this way less cholesterol gets into the blood and the cholesterol level drops.

All fiber, except lignin, can bind water. In the so-called swelling substances, the water-binding can be up to 100 times its own weight.

Effect of dietary fiber:

Positive effect of fiber

    • lasting satiety
    • Binding and removal of cholesterol and bile acid, thereby lowering cholesterol levels.
    • Increase in colonic mobility (mobility)
    • Water retention in the colon, which contributes to a supple chair.
    • Prevention of a number of chronic bowel diseases.
    • possibly reducing the colorectal cancer risk

Negative effect of dietary fiber

    • Flatulence due to gas formation of microorganisms
    • additional contamination with xenobiotics
    • direct epithelial damage (intestinal mucosal tissue)
    • Binding of calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc, which reduces their absorption rate.
    • Intestinal entanglement due to excessive colon filling.

Fiber in food:

Dietary fiber is found only in vegetable products, especially whole grains, legumes, vegetables, salads, sprouts and fruit.

Fiber in 100g food:

    • Oatmeal: 10 g
    • Wheat Germ: 17.7 g
    • Wheat bran: 45.4 g
    • Rice: 4.5 g
    • Crispbread: 14 g
    • Peas: 16.6 g
    • Corn: 9.7 g
    • Lentils: 17 g
    • Soybeans: 21.9 g
    • Beans, white: 23.2 g
    • Kale: 4.2 g
    • Cauliflower: 26.3 g
    • Carrots: 12.1 g
    • Prunes, dried: 5.0 g
    • Whole wheat pasta: 8.0 g

Medicine For Sleep Disorder and Sleep Problems

Not all sleep problems inevitably end in a sleep disorder. Most people sleep better and sometimes not so well. However, if you are lying awake regularly when you are about to sleep, there is a suspicion of developing sleep disturbance.

If you have persistent sleep problems with no obvious cause, you should go to a doctor as soon as possible. Your first contact person is your family doctor. In no case should you be put off in practice with a recipe for sleeping pills. Sleep aids are often the shortest route to the sleep disorder. Find a doctor who takes time to consult. In many places, you will find doctors who specialize in sleep medicine. Your health insurance company can also help you in your search for a doctor with experience in sleep medicine.

Cycle of sleep disorders

Sustained sleep problems sometimes lead to a cycle of sleep disturbances, which is increasingly solidifying. Nocturnal pondering or an irregular sleep pattern, for example, help you to fall asleep and sleep through, resulting in fatigue and loss of performance. Tired and harried we get easily under pressure, we feel irritable or overwhelmed. Anger or stress, in turn, encourages nocturnal pondering, difficulty falling asleep, or an irregular sleep pattern.

The entry into the cycle of sleep disorders usually goes unnoticed. A regular sleep rhythm, sleep rituals, or relaxation techniques help to avoid the cycle of sleep disorders or to get out of the circulation. In general, however, this is only possible at an early stage of sleep disorders. With persistent sleep disturbances medical and/or psychological assistance is expedient.

Causes of sleep disorders

Sleep disorders can have many causes. For example, women often experience sleep disorders during menopause – or during pregnancy. Teenagers are particularly bad at puberty. In these cases, hormonal changes cause sleep disorders. Thyroid dysfunction or many other diseases favor sleep disorders, as do many medications. Before a targeted treatment of sleep disorders, therefore, other possible causes of sleep problems should be excluded.

Diagnosis of sleep disorders

If self-help with regular sleep patterns, sleep rituals, and other sleep-promoting measures do not result in a good night’s sleep, you should consult a doctor. The treatment of insomnia is easier the earlier a diagnosis is made. Treating sleep disorders is often much easier than many people believe. Sleeping pills should play only a minor role in the treatment of sleep disorders and be used as short as possible in each case.

A continuation of the outpatient medical diagnosis can be done inpatient in a so-called sleep laboratory. Sleep is usually monitored for two nights with numerous sensors at these sleep medical wards. For example, an EEG is recorded to monitor the course of sleep phases and the nocturnal activity of the brain. The sleep laboratory can often provide further evidence for the treatment of sleep disorders.

Therapy of sleep disorders

A combination of medication (if not dispensable) and behavioral training has been proven to treat sleep disorders. So-called sleep training is all about overcoming negative thoughts and experiences about sleep and finding a regular sleep rhythm.

Frequent sleep disorders

Sleep disorder, difficulty sleeping, sleep apnea with heavy snoring, and Restless Legs Syndrome are the most common causes of disturbed sleep. But other diseases affect sleep. Typical examples are depression, cardiovascular disease, and menopausal symptoms.

Insomnia – difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep

Doctors refer to sleep disorders as insomnia. Among them, various forms of falling asleep and staying asleep are summarized. Primary insomnia is any sleep disorder in which there is no reason for the sleep problems. In the case of secondary sleep or sleep disorders, however, clear triggers are visible, such as:

  • Diseases of the cardiovascular system, hormonal dysfunction, cancer, pain or rheumatism
  • mental or neurological disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders, dementia, or neurosis
  • traumatizing experiences
  • Noise, light or shift work, and jet lag
  • Abuse or side effect of drugs
  • Drugs and alcohol.

Sleep apnea – respiratory arrest in snorers

Sleep apnea or sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by the nocturnal respiratory arrest in snorers. The respiratory arrest can last up to about one minute. But even shorter dropouts worsen the oxygen supply dramatically. Physicians assume that untreated sleep apnea shortens life expectancy by about 10 years. Sleep apnea is usually diagnosed by sleep apnea for repeated respiratory bursts of more than 10 seconds. Short respiratory arrest during sleep is considered non-morbid.

Contrary to popular belief, sleep apnea is not a domain of men. Experts predict 800,000 sleep apnea cases among middle-aged people in Germany. Two-thirds of them are actually men – but the last third are snoring women.

Sleep apnea is in urgent need of treatment. If you have a suspicion, please contact your doctor.

Restless legs – restless legs syndrome

Unexplained leg movement and physical restlessness are typical symptoms of Restless Legs, the restless legs syndrome. The causes of this sleep disorder are largely unknown.

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Relaxation Techniques For A Peaceful Sleep

Relaxation is important for healthy sleep. It is the biological counterpart to the activities of the day. Go to sleep with relaxation.

Relaxation is essential for healthy sleep. Relaxation is the biological counterpart to the activities of the day. In the state of relaxation, the body releases the soothing feel-good hormone serotonin, which in the pineal gland is converted into the sleep and night hormone melatonin. Stress hormones such as adrenaline, however, are broken down.

It does not matter how you find relaxation. Some people do not need to try to relax at all. In view of the increasingly dense requirements and the sensory overload, many people are now more and more difficult.

Relax – But Do Not Stimulate

Good for relaxing is a lot in which you feel comfortable. However, the restriction is that these activities should not be stimulating. If, for example, you feel well while exercising, you can certainly relax. On the other hand, sport stimulates the metabolism and circulation – and that can disturb your sleep. After exercising for evening relaxation, wait for 2 to 3 hours before going to sleep. In contrast to sports, the following suggestions for relaxation exercises are particularly suitable for half an hour before going to bed or the first few minutes in bed.

Relaxed By Switching Off: Daily Balance

If you can switch off, you can usually relax well too – and quickly get to sleep. If it is above all the thoughts of the next day that will not let you sleep, you should make a daily balance as part of your sleep ritual. In the evening, take 10 or 15 minutes to draw a conclusion from the past day. Take a look back in the form of a diary – or just summarize in a list what you did during the day – and what you could not do. Also, plan the next day. Write down what you want to do when, and how to do it best.

Why is that good? If you have a plan for the next day, you will not have to worry about what to expect in bed. Because you have prepared for the next day. Now you can relax – and in the morning gather the strength you need for the next day. And if you’re worried, remember your plan for the next day. And then turn around – and continue to sleep.

Falling Asleep With Relaxation Techniques

There are a variety of relaxation techniques that can help you get your sleep done. For example, progressive muscle relaxation, autogenic training, yoga, or breathing exercises – Visit a course at your sports club or gym, in the health center in your city or ask your health insurance provider for appropriate providers. But often you do not even need such a course. In many cases, simple exercises help. If you try these exercises, please do not throw the shotgun after the first attempt. It takes between 4 and 10 attempts for the exercises to take effect – and you will find it easy to sleep.

With Resolutions Relaxed To Sleep

From the autogenic training borrowed are simple autosuggestions, with which you can relax and tune to sleep. Basically, this is a variation of sheep counting. They just do not count sheep, but repeat a calming thought. “I am calm and relaxed” or “My limbs become heavy” and “I am tired, very tired” are intentions that help you to sleep after some practice.

Relaxed In Sleep With Calm Breathing

Breathing allows you to control emotions in a targeted way. Not for nothing does it mean: first take a deep breath – before we make a thoughtless decision and do something that harms us or others unnecessarily. And just as you use your breath to calm yourself in the excitement or anger, you can do so before you go to sleep. In the ideal case, you do not need to do more than consciously perceive your breathing – and perhaps steer a bit.

Just breathe deeply through the nose into the abdomen. Whether you breathe in the stomach, check with your hands. Lay your hands relaxed on your stomach and feel the belly rise. After inhaling, exhale very slowly and slowly through the mouth again. Take a short break – and then inhale again through the nose until your hands lift. Many people fall asleep after a few strokes with this recessed abdominal breathing.

Combine Breathing And Intentions

You can combine deepened abdominal breathing with mental intentions. For example, when inhaling, think of “I breathe calm” and exhale “I exhale restlessness”. In autogenic training, such intentions are also called formulas. When choosing the right formula for you, you are free – it should only be reassuring.

 

Increased Glucose In The Blood

The amount of energy a person spends during the day depends on the processes of glucose oxidation in the body. The normal adult content varies between 3.2 and 5.5 mmol / l. Highly elevated blood glucose levels indicate serious disturbances in metabolic processes, possible onset of development of endocrine diseases, pathologies of the digestive system.

The causes of permanently and temporarily elevated blood glucose levels

The main factor causes an increase in sugar concentration in the body – malnutrition. Excessive consumption of carbohydrates, presence in the products of harmful chemical additives, and addiction to “heavy” foods lead to the development of comorbidities:

    • Diabetes mellitus;
    • acute and chronic pancreatitis;
    • Pathology of the kidneys, liver;
    • Thyroid disease;
    • Disorders of the endocrine system.

Also, a temporary increase in glucose concentration can trigger certain medications, stress, alcohol, and other toxic substances.

Signs of high blood sugar levels

Characteristic symptoms of the described condition:

    • Dry mouth;
    • frequent and abundant urination;
    • Worsening the ability of the skin to heal;
    • frequent headache;
    • Reduction of visual acuity;
    • Itching;
    • Increased fatigue;
    • Presence of boils, purulent pimples;
    • insufficient activity of the immune system

If at least 1-2 of these symptoms appear, you should see a doctor.

What to do if blood sugar is increased?

General recommendations for high sugar levels are the proper organization of a diet with restriction of carbohydrate consumption, refusal of bad habits, time allocation for physical activity.

If it has been discovered diseases, accompanied by an increase in the amount of glucose in the blood, you should treat them.

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Micronutrient Therapy For Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The figures published by the IDF (International Diabetes Federation) at the end of 2006 speak for themselves: instead of the previously estimated 30 million, 246 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes.

Scientists forecast a diabetic share of 12 percent for Germany by the year 2010. The question is, who should and can still pay for it? Already today, the treatment and follow-up cost amount to up to 27 billion euros, according to the German Diabetic Confederation.

Almost all of us could easily prevent this “widespread disease”: weight reduction, sufficient physical activity, healthy food rich in vital substances with a low glycemic index – preferably vegetarian. In addition, a good micronutrient supply has a very high priority: both in the prevention and in existing insulin resistance and even more so in diagnosed diabetes mellitus type 2.

Diabetes mellitus type 2 has numerous threatening consequences, which can be prevented or at least mitigated with sufficient availability of micronutrients. In addition, diabetics have found a greater need for micronutrients and simultaneously lower blood levels.

In diabetics, the formation of free radicals is particularly pronounced. This is also evident in the sequelae, which can take a very dramatic course:

Nervous dysfunction, kidney disease, visual disturbances (cataracts) are not uncommon; at worst, blindness or amputations of the limbs may occur. Pathological changes in the blood vessels (micro-and macroangiopathy) can be the trigger for stroke and heart attack.

A preventive and good supply of antioxidant agents such as vitamin C, E, selenium, zinc, cysteine, coenzyme Q10, glutathione, and other vital substances can counteract these secondary diseases.

Not only do micronutrients have the function of protecting against free radicals, they also help the diabetic to keep his blood vessels elastic, intact, and functional. Here is the amino acid arginine to mention. It causes dilation of the blood vessels and has a hypotensive effect.

Bringing blood sugar regulation back into balance is the key to existing insulin resistance. Orthomolecular medicine can be an important element in achieving this goal: Chromium and biotin are able to positively influence glucose metabolism; also deficiencies of zinc, copper, and manganese are associated with glucose intolerance.

In summary, orthomolecular medicine in diabetes mellitus is a useful therapeutic approach and can make a significant contribution to relieving the symptoms. The sooner, the better and more effective.

Cholesterol Levels And The Influence Of Alcohol

We know that the food we eat can have an effect on our cholesterol level, but did you know that alcohol can also play a role? It is generally suggested that a glass of red wine per day can actually benefit cholesterol and heart health, but there are still many side effects associated with alcohol consumption.

Numerous studies have suggested that consuming alcohol, preferably red wine, in moderation can help promote heart health and even longevity. On the other hand, excessive alcohol consumption can actually increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, increase blood pressure, contribute to obesity, and increase blood triglycerides.

Heavy alcohol consumption was also associated with liver disease, heart weakened muscles, and even congestive heart failure. The American Heart Association does not recommend adding alcohol to your daily diet to support a healthy heart. Instead, they recommend eating well, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising regularly.

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If you are already in a state of health, you should always discuss with your doctor if the alcohol intake is really safe for you. Alcohol can aggravate certain health conditions and can lead to negative side effects when dealing with medication.

Cholesterol And Alcohol Link

Your diet can definitely raise or lower your cholesterol level. Even if you think you are playing it safe because there is no cholesterol in alcohol, there are other ways in which alcohol can negatively affect your heart rate. For example, beer contains carbohydrates and alcohol that can increase your triglyceride count. Increased triglyceride levels can contribute to heart disease.

Beer also contains plant sterols that bind to cholesterol and transport it out of the body. That may sound promising, but researchers have found that beer does not have enough of plant sterols that significantly affect cholesterol levels.

Alcoholic spirits, such as whiskey and vodka, also contain no cholesterol, but when These drinks, which are served in premixed cocktails, contain high levels of sugar, which can affect cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

How Much Alcohol Should You Drink?

Moderate drinking is defined as one drink per day for men and women two drinks per day for men. Studies that have shown the benefits of moderate drinking for cholesterol and heart health use this definition. Drinking more than the recommended amount has been associated with adverse health effects.

It really is hard to say what to drink and how much to drink In relation to heart health and cholesterol. Generally, if you want to improve your heart rates, it is best to stick with healthy lifestyle choices. Since alcohol can affect many different aspects of your health, it is probably safer to avoid it to reduce other related complications such as liver disease. Not to say that you can not enjoy the occasional drink, but making alcohol part of your daily diet may not be worth it.

Triglycerides In Higher Concentrations May Increase The Risk Of Heart Attack

High triglyceride levels can increase the risk of heart disease. Triglycerides are the fat in our blood and work to energize the body. Extra triglycerides are stored for a future date if needed. Numerous studies suggest that high triglyceride levels increase the risk of heart disease.

Triglycerides form from the end product of digestion and come from the fat and carbohydrates we consume into energy for the body. Triglyceride levels are tested with a lipid panel, which is a similar test to how the cholesterol level is checked.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that high triglyceride levels pose a problem for nearly one-third of Americans. An increase in triglyceride levels has been observed over the last 30 years and yet only 1.3 percent of those with high levels take medication to lower it. This shows that more attention must be given to triglycerides, as high levels can have serious consequences and more should be done to reduce them, especially for those at high risk for heart disease.

The previous Study Shows Triglycerides Role In Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary artery disease is a common form of heart disease, and high levels of triglycerides can help. Studies by the Broad Institute show that reducing triglycerides can be an effective way to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.

Sekar Kathiresan, study leader, said, “The key question about these biomarkers over the years Who caused coronary artery disease and which are just an expression of the disease process? The reason this question is important is not the prediction, because biomarkers are useful to predict diseases, whether they are causal or not, the reason why we want to distinguish between these factors is the treatment, we really just want to attack the causes of the disease. ”

LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) has been a well-known factor in heart disease and has been shown to reduce a person’s risk of developing heart disease by supporting statins. HDL, on the other hand, has always been thought of as a factor in reducing heart disease, but no link was found on how HDL can help improve CAD.

The research team has shown 185 variations in genetic coding to be associated with blood lipid traits. Single nucleotide polymorphisms or “SNPs” are inherited from one or both parents.

The researchers then investigated whether SNPs affected the LDL, HDL, triglyceride levels, and CAD risk relationship between triglyceride levels and CAD similar to that of LDL and CAD. LDL cholesterol forms plaque along the arterial walls and so the researchers believe triglycerides can work similarly by depositing fat along the arteries.

Kathiresan concluded: “Clinically speaking, one of the ways to prevent a first heart attack or reduce the risk of a second heart attack in someone who already has heart disease to treat patients with drugs that lower levels of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. Some drugs targeting triglycerides are already being tested, and now it’s time to find the right triglyceride-lowering mechanism that effectively reduces the risk of disease. ”

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Guidelines For Triglyceride Levels

The National Cholesterol Education Program has established guidelines for normal triglyceride levels as follows:

Normal triglyceride levels: below 150 mg/dl

    • Borderline high triglyceride ranges : 150 – 199 mg/dl
    • High triglyceride ranges: 200 – 499 mg/dl
    • Very high triglyceride ranges: 500 mg/dl or higher
    • Although cholesterol and fat are vital to the body, it is important to maintain a normal level, as high levels increase the risk of serious health problems, especially of the heart.

Diet cholesterol and triglycerides come from the consumption of red meat and dairy products. When consumed these foods are absorbed through the intestine and distributed through the bloodstream to reach the liver where they are processed. Thus, the liver can develop a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, as a high-fat and high-cholesterol diet makes the liver greasy.

It is the job of the liver to deliver up to 75 percent of cholesterol and triglycerides to the body of cholesterol found in the body. 

Difference Between Triglycerides And Cholesterol

Although triglycerides and cholesterol are similar in the sense that they are fatty species, they have differences. A single significant difference between cholesterol and triglycerides is the fact that cholesterol is used to create cells and particular hormones in which triglycerides store unused calories and energize the human body.

Another difference is that cholesterol is strongly influenced by the fat that is consumed by diet where triglycerides are affected by total calories. Excess calories are converted to triglycerides and stored when the body needs energy. Things like alcohol and sugary foods can have a bigger impact on triglycerides.

Tips For Lowering Triglycerides And Increasing Hdl Cholesterol Levels

High LDL cholesterol and triglycerides can trigger serious health concerns and so it is important to raise HDL and lower triglyceride levels to maintain good health. Here are some tips to increase HDL levels and lower triglycerides.

Lose weight

    • Cutting Sugar – The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends only five percent of your daily calories come from added sugar
    • Increase your fiber intake
    • Border Fructose – Fructose is a type of sugar that can contribute to high triglyceride levels
    • A Moderately Low-Fat Diet – A moderately low-fat diet has proven to be effective in lowering triglyceride levels as opposed to a strict low-fat diet.
    • Pay attention to the fat you eat – there are good fats and bad fats. Avoid saturated and trans-fat fats and consume more monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fatty acids such as
    • Increase your fish consumption – try sardines and salmon
    • exercise
    • Restrict alcohol
    • If necessary, take triglyceride-lowering medication and recommended by your doctor
    • Quit smoking
    • Control diabetes if you have it

By following these tips and working closely with your doctor, you can lower your triglyceride levels and protect your heart.

Blood Test For Hormones

Hormones are substances that are produced by endocrine glands (thyroid, pancreas, gonads, pituitary, etc.) and participate in all processes in the body. These bioactive compounds determine the processes of growth, development, reproduction, metabolism, the appearance of a person, their character, and their behavior depend on them.

The produced hormones go into the blood, where they are in certain concentrations and equilibrium with each other. Anomalies affect health and can lead to the defeat of various organs and systems. And it’s important not just the concentration of a hormone, but also its relationship to other types of hormones.

When is the blood test prescribed for hormones?

The blood test to determine the level of certain hormones and the hormonal background as a whole can be prescribed by almost any specialist:

    • Endocrinologist;
    • gynecologist;
    • A neuropathologist;
    • gastroenterologist;
    • Oncologist, etc.

This procedure allows you to identify a large number of different pathologies, even in the early stages prior to the manifestation of clinical signs.

The reason for this analysis may be suspected dysfunction of the glands of internal secretion or an increase in the size of the glands (eg, after ultrasound). Frequently check the number of hormones required if:

    • Acne;
    • Baldness;
    • increase in weight

A repeat study can be assigned to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment.

Preparing for the analysis of blood for hormones

To obtain high quality and reliable results should follow the recommendations set forth below for the analysis of blood for all hormones (thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), sex, adrenals, thyroid, etc.):

    1. Two weeks prior to the study, all medications should be discontinued (except those whose receipt was agreed with the physician prior to analysis).
    2. Three days before the test you should stop using alcohol.
    3. 3-5 days before analysis, it is best to eat fatty, spicy, and fried foods.
    4. 3 days before the analysis you have to give up playing sports and not allow a heavy physical effort.
    5. You can not smoke on the day of the study.
    6. Since the blood donation is done on an empty stomach for analysis, you should not eat 12 hours before the procedure (sometimes only clean water without gas is allowed).
    7. Immediately before the procedure, you should rest within 10-15 minutes, so as not to worry.

As the hormone level in women of menstrual cycle, it is better to take the test for 5-7 days after the onset of menstruation. If you are planning to analyze the level of the hormone progesterone, it should be done on the 19-21 day of the cycle. Before performing a blood test for sex hormones, do not recommend gynecological examination, palpation of the mammary glands.

Decrypt the blood test for hormones

Decrypting the blood test for hormones can only be done by a qualified specialist who bases each patient on an individual approach, taking into account the characteristics of the organism, existing diseases, current therapy, and many other factors. It should be noted that the standards for the analysis of blood for hormones in different laboratories are different. This is due to the fact that different methods, equipment, reagents, holding time, etc. can be used in the study. Therefore, if you need to conduct repeated analyzes, you should contact the same institution as you did for the first time, and in deciphering you should follow the standards used.

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Analysis For Hormones In Women

To determine and timely treatment of gynecological diseases in women often prescribed analysis of hormones. In this case, the most commonly performed determination of the level of luteinizing hormone, progesterone, prolactin.

Luteinizing hormone (LH) belongs to adrenal hormones synthesized by the anterior pituitary gland. It is this hormone that stimulates the production of estrogens in the female body and regulates the secretion of progesterone and is directly involved in the formation of the yellow body.

Such an analysis for female sex hormones is mandatory if:

    • Decreased libido;
    • amenorrhea;
    • Infertility;
    • endometriosis;
    • Miscarriage;
    • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome;
    • Sexual Infantilism

Also often associated with such an analysis to determine the effectiveness of hormone therapy.

Like any submission of tests for the definition of female hormones, LH analysis requires preparation. Before taking the test at the level of LH, 72 hours before the procedure, women are advised to completely rule out physical activity and exercise. Blood is only taken on an empty stomach and on the 7th day of the menstrual cycle.

Normal indicators of this hormone for women differ and depend on the phase of the menstrual cycle. Thus, in the follicular phase, its concentration is 1.1-11.6 mU/ml, in the ovulation phase – 17-77. In the luteal phase, the concentration level does not exceed 14.7. It should also be noted that the intake of oral contraceptives reduces the level of this hormone to 8.0 mU/ml.

What is an analysis for progesterone?

Among the analyzes for female hormones, most often an analysis is performed to determine the level of progesterone in the blood. It is produced directly by the yellow body and is acutely necessary for the normal course of pregnancy. Progesterone prepares the preparation of the uterine endometrium, with which the fertilized egg can be implanted.

Such a blood test for female hormones may be prescribed if:

    • Violation of the menstrual cycle;
    • Determining the causes of infertility;
    • Assessment of the functional capacity of the placenta in the second trimester of the current pregnancy;
    • Diagnosis of an unbearable pregnancy.

The analysis is performed on the 22nd to 23rd day of menstruation of a woman’s cycle, while direct blood is done in the morning on an empty stomach. In cases where the girl is not tested in the morning, the fence can be done during the day, but not earlier than 6 hours after eating.

the hormone levels are different: 0.32-2.23 nmol / L – in the follicular phase and 6.99-56.63, – of the luteal.

What is the purpose of analyzing prolactin in the body?

The hormone prolactin participates directly in the process of formation and development of the mammary glands and stimulates the production of milk them during lactation.

Such an analysis will be assigned if:

    • galactorrhea;
    • cyclic pain in the mammary glands;
    • breast disease;
    • Violation of ovulation and its absence;
    • Absence of monthly;
    • Diagnosis of infertility;
    • Injury of lactation after birth;

Before you take the test, the woman should exclude for one daysexual contacts, as well as thermal influence on an organism (a bath, a sauna). In addition, stress conditions directly affect the level of the hormone prolactin in the blood.

Blood sample will be for 3 hours after the blood-as the woman woke up. Immediately before the procedure, you need to rest for 10-15 minutes in front of the office and calm down. The normal level of prolactin in women is 109-557 mU/l.

Thus, which tests are also performed for female hormones, a preparatory preparation for them is necessary.

Treatment Methods For Lung Cancer

Cancer therapies serve the purpose of curing the patient of the disease (“curative” = healing therapy) or to stop the further growth and spread of the tumor as long as possible, to relieve discomfort, and to prolong the lifetime (“palliative” = alleviative) Therapy). An indispensable component of oncological care is the so-called “supportive therapy” (supportive therapy). It treats and prevents complications of cancer and survival-related but often aggressive cancer therapies.

How is lung cancer operated?

If the tumor has not exceeded a certain size and has not yet formed distant metastases, surgery is sought with the aim of completely removing the tumor tissue and the lymph nodes affected by tumor cells. The operation plays an important role especially in non-small cell lung cancer – as small cell lung cancer is often diagnosed at a later stage, then other treatments are in the foreground.

The surgical procedure is preceded by extensive research. In particular, it must be ensured that after the removal of part of the lung, the remaining lung sections are able to sufficiently take over the respiratory function. Condition for the operation is a good general condition of the patient; Severe comorbidities often rule out surgery. Furthermore, removal of the tumor should not pose a risk to neighboring vital organs such as large blood vessels or the esophagus. If the expected burdens and restrictions are too great, a different therapy strategy must be chosen.

During surgery, the tumor-bearing lung section and the adjacent lymph nodes are removed. The most common procedure is the removal of a lung lobe (lobectomy). With very large tumors the removal of an entire lung wing may be necessary (pneumectomy). In many cases, however, it is possible to avoid the removal of the entire lung through special, organ-preserving surgical techniques.

Possible side effects:

As a result of the operation, the available breathing area of ​​the patient is reduced. However, if the lung function before surgery is sufficient, it will not be a major problem for the patient, and he will usually be able to compensate well for the loss of lung tissue. Special breathing exercises in rehabilitation also help to improve lung performance after tumor therapy. The first exercises can already be learned in the clinic under the guidance of a physiotherapist and later be continued at home. For smokers, however, should stop smoking immediately before the operation to improve their lung function.

What happens during irradiation?

Radiation therapy is the only therapy for non-small cell lung cancer in stages I and II when surgery is not possible and for selected patients in stage III. Otherwise, it is usually combined with chemotherapy in patients with stage III and small cell lung cancer. If cancer has secondary tumors, called metastases, in other organs such as the brain or the bones, they may also be irradiated.

The high-energy ionizing radiation, which is directed from the outside to the tumor, destroys the cancer cells. The total radiation dose is divided into several single doses, which are administered about five times a week. In the so-called hypofractionated radiation, which can be used in lung cancer, is even twice a day at intervals of several hours, but then irradiated with lower single doses.

In addition to conventional radiotherapy, the so-called stereotactic radiotherapy is also used. Here, the disease is in a few sessions, sometimes in only one, irradiated with a high dose of radiation. This is possible because the beams are directed to the target area from different directions after computer-controlled irradiation planning. There, all the rays meet at one point and add up to the total dose, which is thus maximum at the site of the disease, while the surrounding healthy tissue is largely spared. For this reason, stereotactic radiotherapy is particularly well suited for small tumors and tumors in delicate environments, such as brain metastases.

Possible Side Effects

Side effects of radiotherapy may be hoarseness and difficulty swallowing. The skin is also sensitive to the treatment. In combination with chemotherapy in particular, mucous membrane inflammation and fungal infections can occur in the oral cavity. A late consequence is pneumonitis, an inflammation of the irradiated lung tissue. Overall, the severity of side effects depends on the type and intensity of the radiation used.

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How does chemotherapy work?

Chemotherapy uses cell-growth-inhibiting drugs known as cytostatics. They act primarily against fast-growing cells and thus especially against cancer cells. For the treatment of lung cancer several chemotherapeutic drugs are available, which are selected according to individual requirements.

Which medicines are used depends on various factors, including the stage of the disease, the general condition, and concomitant diseases. Usually, two or three substances are combined, with cisplatin or carboplatin as the basic drug in most cases. Commonly used cytostatic drugs in non-small cell lung carcinoma include cisplatin, carboplatin, vinorelbine, docetaxel, gemcitabine, paclitaxel, pemetrexed and etoposide, small cell lung carcinoma cisplatin, carboplatin, bendamustine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, etoposide, irinotecan, paclitaxel, topotecan and vinca alkaloids such as vincristine.

Possible side effects:

Chemotherapy affects all rapidly dividing lines. These include not only the malignant cancer cells but also healthy cells such as the mucous membrane cells of the digestive tract and the hair root cells. The most common side effects of chemotherapy include nausea, diarrhea, mouth sores, and hair loss. Red blood and white blood cells may also be reduced during chemotherapy, leading to anemia and increased susceptibility to infection. In addition, the various cytotoxic drugs can each cause specific side effects. A good education, as well as preventive and accompanying (supportive) medications, can avoid or at least alleviate many side effects. As a rule, they stop when the chemotherapy is over.

Which targeted medical therapies are used?

Novel therapeutic approaches, termed “targeted therapy,” are designed to target cancer cells exclusively or preferentially. The active ingredients are directed, for example, against factors that promote tumor growth, they prevent the blood supply to the tumor, repair defects in the genome or eliminate their consequences or prevent the signal transmission between tumor cells, so that cell division and growth signals are absent. Targeted therapies are currently used exclusively in advanced (metastatic) non-small cell lung cancer, because good efficacy has not yet been demonstrated in small cell lung cancer. Since intensive research is being carried out in this field, it can be expected that more targeted substances will be approved for the treatment of lung cancer in the near future.

The tyrosine kinase inhibitor of epidermal growth factor (EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor)

Activating genetic alterations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) cause tyrosine kinases, located in the cell interior of the receptor, to activate a signaling chain that promotes the division of the cancer cells and their multiplication. The EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors can stop this. The tiny molecules penetrate the cells through the cell wall and occupy the internal part of the EGF receptor. This breaks the signal chain for cell division and slows down the proliferation of cancer cells.

Currently, three EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors are approved for the treatment of lung cancer: erlotinib, gefitinib, and afatinib. These medicines are available in tablet form. The therapy can therefore be performed by the patients at home, which for many means a gain in quality of life. EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibits the progression of the disease and alleviates symptoms.

Possible side effects:

Although tyrosine kinase inhibitors are well tolerated compared to chemotherapy, they are not side effects. A common side effect is the appearance of an acne-like rash on the face and upper body, also called Rash. It can be a sign that the medication works well. Other typical side effects include diarrhea, concomitant weight loss, and prolonged fatigue. Preventive concomitant therapy for rash and diarrhea is recommended.

Drugs for resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Tumors can become resistant to the therapy with an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, ie resistant. In the majority of cases, it is the so-called gatekeeper mutation T790M. It causes the tyrosine kinase inhibitors of the first (gefitinib, erlotinib) and second-generation (afatinib) to be displaced from binding to the tyrosine kinase and unable to inhibit the growth factor. A novel EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor that selectively acts even when a T790M mutation is present is osimertinib. It is given in tablet form.

Possible side effects:

The most common side effects with osimertinib therapy are diarrhea, exanthematic rash, nausea, loss of appetite, and constipation. These side effects are significantly less pronounced than with the first and second-generation drugs (gefitinib, erlotinib, afatinib).

EGFR antibody

Although cancer cells on their surface form the “normal” (wild-type) EGF receptor, as is sometimes the case with squamous cell carcinomas of non-small cell lung cancer, cell division is increasingly initiated and tumor growth promoted. In this case, a combination of the chemotherapeutic agents cisplatin/gemcitabine and the anti-EGFR antibody necitumumab may be worthwhile. If this therapy starts and is well tolerated, maintenance therapy with necitumumab is possible. The side effects of Necitumumab are similar to those of the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors but more pronounced in their severity than in the first and second generation of active agents.

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors of ALK and ROS1 kinases

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors of this group of drugs are directed against proteins in the cell that stimulate cell growth. The binding of the active ingredients to the proteins blocks certain signaling pathways and restricts uncontrolled cell growth in the tumor. For example, the ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor crizotinib is approved for the first and second treatment (after chemotherapy) of patients with ALK translocation. Second-generation ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors are alectinib and ceritinib. They have an even more specific effect on ALK kinase. Other effective ALK inhibitors currently being tested in studies are Brigatinib and Lorlatinib.

Rarer than ALK translocations are activating ROS1 translocations. The affected patients can be treated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor crizotinib in the first therapy. A newer ROS1 inhibitor is lorlatinib.

Possible side effects:

ALK and ROS1 kinase inhibitors can also cause side effects, with each drug having its own specific side-effect profile. Often liver dysfunction, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and prolonged fatigue, but also visual disturbances and taste changes may occur.

Angiogenesis Inhibitors

Angiogenesis means the formation of blood vessels. These blood vessels are needed by the tumor to supply themselves with oxygen and nutrients. Ultimately, angiogenesis thus supports tumor growth and the spread of the tumor in the body.

Angiogenesis inhibitors hinder the blood supply to tumors by blocking the vascular cell growth factor VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor). Studies have shown that cancer cells grow less and that given chemotherapies work better. Such angiogenesis inhibitors are bevacizumab, ramucirumab, and nintedanib. Bevacizumab may be used in patients with metastatic (stage IV) non-small cell non-epithelial lung carcinoma in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy for initial treatment. Ramucirumab (regardless of tumor type) and nintedanib (adenocarcinoma only) are used in patients undergoing second-line therapy in combination with docetaxel chemotherapy if relapses have occurred.

Possible side effects:

Patients with bevacizumab have an increased risk of bleeding and therefore good monitoring is essential. Often, high blood pressure occurs. Other typical but less common side effects include blood vessel obstruction (embolism), increased urinary protein excretion, and wound healing disorders. Common side effects of ramucirumab in combination with docetaxel are a lack of white blood cells with and without fever (neutropenia and febrile neutropenia), persistent fatigue and hypertension, and the side effects described with bevacizumab. The side effects of nintedanib are similar, with side effects such as EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

Other targeted agents

One to two percent of all non-small cell lung carcinomas has BRAF mutations, about half of which are V600E alterations. The BRAF gene produces a protein (B-Raf), which is involved in the normal growth and survival of cells as an important component of the so-called mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Changes in the gene can cause this signaling pathway to becoming overly active, leading to uncontrolled cell growth and cancer. So-called BRAF inhibitors can stop this. However, experience has shown that tumors develop rapid resistance to BRAF inhibitors. However, inhibiting the so-called MEK kinases 1 and 2 in the MAP kinase pathway simultaneously with BRAF inhibition effectively prevents the development of resistance. Preliminary study results indicate that good response rates and disease control rates are achieved in multiple-chemotherapy patients with the progressive disease by combining the BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib with the MEK inhibitor trametinib.

Nearly one-third of all patients who do not have a KRAS, ALK, ROS, or EGFR mutation in the tumor have RET mutations. In this case, therapy with cabozantinib can be beneficial. Around two percent of all adenocarcinomas of non-small cell lung cancer show changes in the HER2 receptor. Affected patients often respond well to HER2 inhibitors such as trastuzumab or afatinib. For MET amplification and/or MET mutations, MET tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as capmatinib may be used.

Activate the immune system: immunotherapies

Activating one’s own immune system in such a way that it recognizes the tumor as “ill/foreign” and fights it is the goal of immunotherapy. Cancer cells can escape the natural immune defense, such as by losing their tumor-specific antigens, by which they would recognize the immune system as sick, by mutations, inhibit the activity of immune cells or manipulate so-called immune checkpoints. The latter regulates the intensity and quality of the activity of so-called T cells of the immune system. In lung cancer, the PD-1 checkpoint plays an important role. The PD1 receptor is typically produced on T cells of the immune system, the associated “ligand” PD-L1 of dendritic cells of the immune system, but also of cancer cells. When PD-L1 binds to its PD-1 receptor on the T cells, they are inactivated. If the tumor cells now release more PD-L1 themselves, they can escape the clutches of the immune system because they “paralyze” the T-cells. If the immune checkpoint PD-1 or PD-L1 is blocked by so-called PD-1 inhibitors such as pembrolizumab or nivolumab or PD-L1 inhibitors such as atezolizumab, its damaging effect on the immune cells is eliminated – these become active and fight the tumor cells.

Pembrolizumab may be used as the sole treatment for chemotherapy in patients with metastatic stage IV non-small cell lung cancer with> 50% PD-L1 expression and no EGFR and ALK alterations of tumor cells. In second-line therapy, when metastatic non-small cell lung cancer continues to grow or return despite therapy, immunotherapy with nivolumab, pembrolizumab (> 1% PD-LD1 expression) may be initiated.

Possible side effects:

In addition to fatigue, loss of appetite, and general weakness, the PD-1, and PD-L1 blocker therapy can be associated with side effects related to the immune system, such as disorders of thyroid function, pneumonia, hepatitis, and renal dysfunction. Also, side effects on the skin are possible, for example, rash, itching, and vitiligo (white spot disease). In addition, diarrhea can occur as a result of colitis.

Treatment of bone metastases

Lung tumors tend to form secondary tumors in the bones. These can cause significant pain and increase the risk of fractures. Single bone metastases can be removed by surgery or stereotactic radiotherapy. In addition, the administration of substances that inhibit bone loss, so-called bisphosphonates, reduces the risk of complications, alleviating pain. Another group of drugs used to treat bone metastases are so-called targeted therapies. In Germany, the antibody denosumab from this group is approved. It binds itself in the body specifically to a protein called RANKL, which normally activates bone-degrading cells. When denosumab blocks RANKL, bone-degrading cell activity diminishes, bone mass is retained and fractures become less common.

Supportive

The medical care of cancer patients is not only the antitumoral therapy, the cure, or cancer as long as possible to push back – an integral part is also the so-called supportive therapy. Irrespective of the stage of the tumor, it ensures that cancer patients do not suffer too much from the complications of cancer and as well as possible tolerate the survival-related but often aggressive tumor therapies. The catalog of measures for possible supportive therapies is long; Prevention and treatment of nausea and vomiting are also included, such as the treatment of anemia and missing white blood cells (neutropenia), the prevention of infections, the prevention, and treatment of oral mucosal inflammation and the prevention and treatment of skin manifestations.

Palliative Therapy

When lung cancer is too advanced, therapy is no longer focused on healing, but on relieving tumor-related symptoms and maintaining the quality of life for patients and their relatives. This includes not only the prevention and treatment of pain and other physical ailments but also assistance and therapy in psychosocial stress situations and problems that may be associated with cancer. In the case of physical symptoms, respiratory distress and pain are most prominent for lung cancer patients with advanced disease. They can be well-alleviated in many cases with the medicines and methods available today. Even if certain standards play a role in this, the therapy is always individually tailored to the patient’s situation.

Lung Cancer Centers

The treatment of lung cancer is complex and requires the cooperation of specialists of different disciplines. In addition, research into new therapies is in constant flux. In order to be able to guarantee optimal treatment for lung cancer patients based on the latest scientific findings and treatment guidelines, so-called lung cancer centers are being certified by the German Cancer Society. For certification, the facilities must meet strict standards, e.g. a minimum number of qualified specialists and a minimum number of lung cancer patients treated there each year. Only then can the centers gain sufficient experience with the disease and constantly expand it. The treatment in the lung cancer center is interdisciplinary by pulmonary specialists, thoracic surgeons, radiation therapists, oncologists, pathologists, and radiologists. They participate in regular tumor conferences, where individual treatment plans are developed for each patient. The treatment team is supplemented by psycho-oncologists, social workers, pastoral workers, and physiotherapists.

 

Source:

Esche B., Geiseler J. & Karg O. (ed.): Pulmonology. Textbook for Respiratory Therapists. German Society for Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine e.V. Berlin 2016

Griesinger F & Heukamp L. What’s hot in lung cancer. TumorDiagn u Ther 2016;37:1–7

Improve Lung Function With Nutrition

If you want to do something good for your lungs, you should regularly eat plenty of apples and tomatoes. These two foods seem to have a particularly positive effect on lung health. They inhibit the natural aging process of the lungs and allow the lungs of former smokers to recover much faster. In addition to apples and tomatoes, other foods have been found to help the lungs in the past. There are also foods that should not be eaten for the sake of the lungs.

High fiber foods protect the lungs

The type of diet enormously influences the state of health of the individual organs. This is evident in the organs of the digestive system. After all, they come into direct contact with food. In the lungs, however, one can hardly imagine that these organs could be happy about fiber, for example. But that’s exactly the case:

People who eat high-fiber foods are more likely to have healthy lung function than low-fiber people, as we’ve already reported here: fiber protects the lungs, and you’ll also find a list of the best fiber suppliers.

Foods with beta-cryptoxanthin reduce lung cancer risk

And it’s not just fiber that’s good for the lungs. Even foods containing the so-called beta-cryptoxanthin seem to have an extremely positive effect on the lungs, as a study from November 2016 had shown. The substance is found in all red and orange vegetables and fruits and reduces the risk of lung cancer. Details and the corresponding food can be found here: Plant substance reduces lung cancer risk

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Apples, tomatoes, and bananas promote the repair of the lungs

Apples, tomatoes, and other antioxidant-rich foods also help to keep the lungs healthy, and even make sure that damaged lungs can recover faster – as reported by the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health in December 2017 at the European Respiratory Journal announced.

In their study, scientists looked at the nutrition and lung function of more than 650 adults – once in 2002 and then ten years later in 2012. Participants came from Germany, Norway, and the United Kingdom.

The more tomatoes, the better the lung functions

Anyone who had once smoked could slow down the natural aging process of his lungs if he followed a diet rich in vegetables and fruits. Especially tomatoes, bananas, and apples proved to be helpful in the investigation. These foods appear to contain special substances that also contributed to a faster recovery of the tobacco-damaged lungs after smoking cessation.

But also for people who had never smoked, a healthier lung function could be observed, if they had eaten the said food regularly. Yes, the more tomatoes the participants had on the diet, the better.

And because the condition of the lungs is closely correlated with the risk of death – be it through chronic lung disease, heart disease, lung cancer or other diseases – the increased consumption of tomatoes is certainly a very good idea. Read also: Drink for lung cleansing.

Only fresh fruits and vegetables work

However, it is not enough to eat a tomato or an apple now and then. You should consume more than two tomatoes per day or more than three servings of fresh fruits per day to achieve the mentioned benefits (1 serving = 80 g). Also processed tomato products, eg. B. tomato sauce from the glass or fruit from the can did not have a corresponding effect. Only fresh fruits and vegetables had a positive impact on lung health.

Nutrition advice for lung patients and risk groups recommended

Study author Dr. Vanessa Garcia-Larsen said the results showed the need for nutritional recommendations, especially for high-risk groups. People with weakened lungs or first signs of certain lung diseases, such as COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), should therefore be given appropriate nutritional advice.

More often eat foods that help with repair of the lungs

Already at the age of about thirty the lung functions begin to weaken – depending on the general condition of the person. If you eat many fruits and vegetables, you can slow down the age-related worsening of lung function and better repair lung damage such as smoking.

“Nutrition, as we now know, is an important way to combat increasingly common COPD diseases,” concludes Garcia-Larsen.

Further information on the positive effects of a healthy diet on lung health can be found here: Healthy diet protects against smoker’s cough. Important is here u. a. that sugar and white flour products as well as foods with a high glycemic load (= foods that cause high blood sugar levels) should be avoided.

The Benefits And Nutritional Value Of Garlic

By strengthening our bodies, we avoid the development of diseases. An important building block for this is healthy nutrition on a natural basis. A valuable medicinal plant that makes a special contribution to this is garlic. Not only does garlic taste good, it also has a lot to offer our bodies health.

It belongs to the so-called superfood – that is an umbrella term for particularly nutrient-rich foods that are enormously conducive to well-being. By eating them diseases can be prevented and healing processes can be accelerated. This garlic is a natural remedy in which no side effects occur compared to drug treatment.

Garlic protects, strengthens and heals the body

In addition to numerous vitamins and minerals, garlic contains phytochemicals such as polyphenols and sulfites. These have an anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect. Regular consumption naturally boosts the immune system and thus protects against infectious diseases and fungi. In addition, garlic contains important antioxidants that trap free radicals and thus prevent the damage and degeneration of cells. The entire digestive tract is strengthened and protected by garlic. Already attacked cells are regenerated, inflammation is cured and the risk of cancer is reduced. In addition, garlic stimulates digestion and helps against bloating and other gastrointestinal complaints.

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Even those who often suffer from urinary tract infections will benefit from regular consumption. The contained active ingredients in garlic kill disease-causing bacteria against which even antibiotics can be resistant. Garlic should also reduce blood lipid levels and thus cholesterol levels. This lowers high blood pressure and stimulates blood circulation. In addition, harmful deposits in the blood vessels are prevented, which avoids the dangers of arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, thromboses, heart attacks, and the risk of stroke.

As another valuable feature, garlic helps the liver to detoxify. This benefits the whole body, as many diseases can arise from an overburdened liver.

Garlic for external use

By cutting or squeezing a toe, sulfur-containing alliin is released, which can be used for the prevention and treatment of pimples and impure skin. We cut open a toe and gently rubbed in the affected area. This process should be repeated several times a day with a new cut surface. Just as effective is the treatment of warts on the hands or feet. The garlic should act for a longer period of time by a bandage or a patch on the wart. 

Cost-effective spice and medicinal plant

You can easily grow garlic in your own garden. In addition to ready-made seeds, it is sufficient to put a fresh garlic clove into the soil in spring or autumn. After a while, it starts to sprout and develops new shoots. This will give you a healthy medicinal plant that can do your body good.

The only “side effect” is bad breath, which makes some frightening before eating. Some home remedies promise to alleviate the odor, such as parsley, ginger, a slice of lemon, or a coffee bean after a meal. Comparing the benefits and effects of garlic with this small flaw, it is a low price that you “pay” for your own health.